Heart Attacks Can Strike Young Adults, Know the Signs

Heart Attacks Can Strike Young Adults, Know the Signs from North Carolina Lifestyle Blogger Adventures of Frugal Mom

What is a Heart Attack?

Cardiovascular diseases include Coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease, and deep vein thrombosis. Coronary Artery Disease in patients younger than the age of 45 is termed as young CAD. ?Heart attacks are reaching epidemic proportions.

What Causes a Heart Attack

A heart attack is the result of blocked blood flow to a part of the heart. This occurs because the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart become choked with a buildup of fats, cholesterol, and plaque. Atherosclerosis is the buildup of fat, inflammatory tissue, calcium and other cellular constituents in the walls of the arteries.

The fatty plaques eventually rupture to cause blockages within the channels of the arteries, leading to heart attacks strokes or other conditions. A small percentage of coronary heart disease in young adults is caused due to non-atherosclerotic factors like connective tissue disorders and autoimmune diseases.  A right supplement like Evion 400 dosage as per mentioned on docprime.com or any other Vitamin E supplement can help prevent heart diseases.

Heart Attack Statistics in the World

  • One of the biggest killers across the globe is cardiovascular disease. The Centre for Disease Control reports that one in four deaths is a heart related one.
  • 90% of these heart attack patients are men. Sudden cardiac events have been known to strike even seemingly healthy young individuals- no one is immune from the disease.
  • According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 19 million people die globally from Cardiovascular Diseases. Three-quarters of the world’s deaths from this disease occur in low and middle-income countries.
  • 5 to 10% of South Asians suffering from coronary diseases are young adults. It has been noticed that Indians start having heart problems almost a decade before young adults in the west.

Heart Attacks in Young Adults

Coronary heart disease begins in childhood and can be found in young adults at an alarming frequency. Lifestyles of the young adults in question are what lead to heart attacks. Factors like smoking, sedentary jobs, drug use, and unhealthy diets contribute to this. Genetics and family history also play a role in the prevalence of the disease.

The risk between stress and the onset of a heart attack is very real. With more young adults feeling the pressure with their work like or personal life and experiencing acute mental stress, they should be aware of the risks associated with heart disease.

Causes of a Heart Attack

Risk factors called The Big Four are: Diabetes, Cholesterol, Smoking, and High Blood Pressure. Non-modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease are sex, age and family history. Modifiable risk factors are hypertension, diabetes, smoking, cholesterol, and an unhealthy lifestyle.

  • Psycho-social stress: It has been noticed that within a few hours of being acutely angry or anxious, the risk of a heart attack in a person increases eight-fold. Studies have shown that depression raises coronary risks by 50%. There has also been a link between social isolation, loneliness, and acute coronary symptoms.
  • Exercise: Conditioned exercise is the best drug on the planet. However, sudden bouts of exercise in persons who are not physically fit can put a strain on the fatty plaques and bring on a heart attack.
  • Family History: It is important to be aware of immediate and extended family history for strokes, diabetes and cholesterol levels.
  • Infection: Severe infections activate the immune system and may weaken and rupture the fatty plaques.
  • Radical Diets: Rapid fat burning diets like the Ketogenic diet are said to be effective, but they come at a price. When fat is rapidly broken down, the toxins overwhelm the circulation and in turn rupture fatty plaques. Therefore, weight loss should be a gradual process and not rapid.
  • Lifestyle choices: Binging on alcohol or chain smoking are known percipients of acute cardiac events such as a heart attack or sudden cardiac death.

Signs of a Heart Attack

  • One of the most common symptoms of a heart attack is that it presents itself without any symptoms. Almost 45% of heart attacks are silent. Heart attacks in diabetic patients who have to reduce pain sensation may be silent. In other cases, when a patient suffers a heart attack when he/she is asleep, it may at times go unnoticed.
  • Pain in the arm, shoulder, neck, back or solar plexus region is a common symptom of a heart attack. The Epigastrium region is where discomfort Is usually experienced. It is also important to note that it might always be pain that is experienced, but it could be a tight gripping or a niggle.
  • Unexplained nausea might be one of the unusual presentations of a heart attack. This is more common is inferior wall heart attacks.
  • Marked fatigue is also a presenting symptom of a heart attack.
  • Shortness of breath without significant chest pain could be due to any form of cardiac disease.
  • Confusion, difficulty in speaking and severe headaches with no known causes are also symptoms of a heart attack.

How to Reduce Risk of a Heart Attack?

Prevention is better than cure when it comes to disease control.

  • Avoid activities like smoking and stay away from second-hand smoke
  • High blood pressure is to be taken seriously, and medication must be taken for the same
  • Maintain a healthy diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and sodium
  • It is crucial to get at least four days of moderate-intensity physical activity in a week. A sedentary lifestyle or sitting at a desk for hours, in the end, should be avoided.
  • Control blood sugar in diabetic patients
  • Reducing the intake of alcohol
  • Get periodic check-ups from a medical practitioner even if you are not at risk for heart disease.

Medications that inhibit the effects of a heart attack:

  • Aspirin
  • Beta-blockers
  • Statin
  • Vitamin E tablets like Evion 400 help to clear oxygen compounds and act as powerful antioxidants
  • ACE inhibitors

Primary and secondary preventive measures play an important role in the prevention of new coronary events. Heart attacks in young adults are uncommon, though they are more likely to be linked to mental health challenges than older patients.

It is never to start focusing on health and heart attack risk early. Paying attention to details such as lifestyle, food, eating habits will go a long way in preventing cardiovascular diseases.


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